Aries- The Ram

Astronomy

This constellation is between Pisces and Taurus, located at 3 hours right ascension and 20° north declination.

Fixed Stars

Hamal:

Shamatan:

Western Mythologies

Babylonians

The present Ram was, however, called Dux Gregis, leader of the flock. The constellation also related to the agricultural year with the hiring of Labour when the star rose.

Chaldean: Related the constellation of the Ram to the flocks of Chaldean shepards.

Sumeria: Known as Hun-gar

Egyptians

Aries the Ram is identified with the Egyptian god Amon by the Greeks.

Phoenicians

Greek

The origin of this constellation derives from the Ram which carried the Goldern fleece which was carried by Phryxus and his sister Helle through the air when they fled Colchis from the persecution of their Stepmother Ino. The rapid motion of the ram in his flight above the earth caused the head of Helle to turn with giddiness, and she fell back into the sea which is names Hellespont to commemorate the event. Phryxus arrived safely in Colchis, but was soon murdered by his father in law Aetes who envied his goldern treasure. This gave rise to the celebrated Argounauts expedition under Jason for the fleece for its recovery.

Alternatively, Nephele, Queen of Thebes having provided her children Phryxus and Helle, with the noble Ram to elude those who had sought there life, was afterwards turned into a cloud as a reward for her perental solitude.

The Greeks knew it as Krios, Latin Aries, and this was introduced into this part of the zodiac by Cleostratus of Tenedos, disciple of Thales, as the Golden Ram that carried off Helle and dropped her into the Hellespont, whose male counterpart was Hellos or Hellen who gave his name to Hellias or Greece.

Arabic

European Indigenous Mythologies

"Q" Celts

Irish:

"P" Celts

Breton:

Welsh:

Astrocelt 1998

Last updated July 25, 2005