Lyra - The Lyre or Harp

Astronomy

Located under the first coil of Draco to the south between Cygnus the swan to the east and Hercules.

Fixed Stars

Vega or Wega. The primary star of the 1st magnitude and the brightest within the constellation figure. This star has been well documented down the centuries and was known as a pole star to the Akkadians who called it Tir-anna, life of heaven. While the Assyrians called it Dayan-same, judge of heaven. The Egyptians knew this star under the name of Maat that is often translated as the 'vulture star'. While the Greeks knew it as Lyra where Ptolemy associated it with attributes connected to Venus and Mercury. The Roman knew it as Fidus or Fidicula. After the fall of Alexandria a lot of the knowledge was translated into Arabic whom preserved and enhanced the associated starlore further. It became known as Al Waki or the falling, from a combination of these interpretations we arrive at the mediaeval period where it becomes termed as the Vulture Cadens or the falling vulture and Wega.

Western Mythologies

Babylonians

Egyptians

Phoenicians

Greek

The constellation of Lyra is associated with the harp which was given by Hermes (mercury) to Apollo (castor) and is in turn acquired by Orpheus. When it was played, everything on earth forgot their natural element within nature and came to hear Orpheus sing. A nymph named Eurydice was among them who held Orpheus eye. Another suitor named Aristaeus also had a twinkle in his eye towards Eurydice, but she fled and was chased across the grass by Aritaeus. Within the grass was a snake that bit her ankle which proved fatal, an she died. But Orphueus decided to recover her. Together with his harp he entered Hades after gaining permission from Pluto. Here Orpheus met the king Tantalus which was charmed by the sound of his harp, at the same time the wheel of Ixion stopped, and the stone of Sisyphus stood still. Pluto and Proserphone consented to restore Eurydice, but Orpheus was not to look back until they had reached the light region of the air. Alas he forgot his bargain, however he looked back and saw Eurydice vanish. He tried again but was not admitted therefore Orpheus decided to leave the mortal world, he later offend the Thracian women who dismembered his body, remembering Eurydice. They threw his head into a stream that took it to the Aegean Sea.

Romans

Arabic

Indigenous Mythologies

"Q" Celts

Irish:

"P" Celts

Breton:

Welsh:

Southern Hemisphere Indigenous Mythologies

Austrialian Aborigines

The people known as the Boorung of north Victoria described Lyra as the star contellation Neilloan which form an image of a bird. Its appearrence in the southern skies coincided with the Malleefowl appearence at Lake Tyrell in NW Victoria.

http://www.malleefowlvictoria.org.au/astronomy.html

Astrocelt Muse

The harp has seven strings, which can either relate to the planetary spheres of the musical notes, although it does not state in what octave the harp is pitched. According to the Pythagorean's it represented Apollo (Mercury) and the remaining planets, the musical note's were the force which acted on them to maintain there planetary distant and relationship to each other. The modern Lyra is the crith and its later harp from which all poetry of the muse in its original lyric form has been adapted to song or recited in a rhythm of sound. Like any poetic bard they recite to the fulfilment of the stars. The muse displays the boldness of thought with the expression celebrating the inner spirit. Yet it too is combined and connected and incorporated with images of the tradition and the ritual expressed through myths, a unique connectivity of one to the nothingness. The poet was the media, the bard projected an image in sound that becomes projected into the imagination of its listener mind. When its note is pitched correctly on the muse, this can then be unravelled and it's meaning of the interconnectivity projected safely.

A lot of the present European star knowledge was translated from Arabic in the 12th century from Castile in southern Spain. Held by the Moors. Together with the formation of the Knight Templer after the 1st crusade translated documents this knowledge then came through to Europe. Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, eventually removed the Moors from Spain during the early modern period. He too then split up the empire between his two sons. This gave rise to Spain, as we know it today, however it to was the centre of Alchemy learning during the occupation of the Moors.

Astrocelt 1998

Last updated 22/01/2006