Dafydd ab Ednmwt fl. 1450-97

Dafydd ab Edmwnt was originally from Hammer in Flintshire, a uchelwr who was a freeman within Welsh fedual society, along with being a professional bard. He too is a recognised pencreddiaid who passed on the craft to his pupil Tudur Aled.

Dafydd ab Ednmwt won the chair at Carmarthen in 1450 at an Eisteddfod held by Gruffud ap Nicholas. This was achieved through the poetic style of a cywydd on the Trinity. The style he used provided a model in which the 24 mitres with its complexities became the later standard form of poetry. However bardic controversy arouses surrounding the awarding of the chair to him. Indeed Llawdden a Glamorgan bard did not accept this lightly, subsequently the eisteddfod bardic competition was held again. Once again Dafydd ab Ednmwt was awarded the chair. The morgannwy bards had difficulty accepting the outcome, apart from not accepting the new style of metres, it remained an issue. This continued and was raised in the 16th century by Simwnt Fycan; and again in the early 18th century by the Glamorgan bard Walter Davies (aka Gwallter Mechain).


Primary source

NLW Ms 158 Peniarth

Davies, W., An essay on the district Characters and Comparative Advantages of the Bardic Institution of Carmarthen and Glamorgan; and on the Notices that remain of each: Prefixed some into remarks upon Allilertion (Poetry). NWL Ms 1715C Crosswood 75

Secondary Source

Miles, D., The secret of the Bards of the Isles of Britain, Gwasg Dinefwr Press 1992

Stephens, M., (Eds.), The New Companion to the Literature of Wales, University of Wales Press, Cardiff 1998

Thomas, G., Carwys Eisteddfoddau, Cardiff Uni press 1968

Last Update August, 2006