Cynddelw Bryd Mawr fl 1155-1200

Cynddelw Brydd Mawr, Bard to Owain Gwynedd, Madog ab Maredudd ab Bleddyn, and Dafyd ab Owain. Poems are valuable for the historical notices contained therein and the excellence of his poetry. Cynddelw workshave been published in the Myvyrian Archaeology and covers 54 pages in double columns. According to the Statue of Gruffudd ap Cynan had sang in the three major courts/provinces during his lifetime. However this was also to see the breakup of Powys into its separate parts. There is also a hint of an Eisteddfod being held at the Powys court of Prince Madog ap Maredudd where Cynddelw was in contest with Seisyll Bryffwrch for the position of pencredd.

In his elegy to Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd d. 1170, Cynddelw states he had 'taught splendid poets'. Within his lament to Cadwagan ap Madog he points out that 'our disciples know there teachings'.

One learns from an Englyn during the last illness. The monks of Ystrad Marchell in Powys, sent to get Cynddelw to renounce his errors, and make satisfactions to the church, threatening, in case of non-compliance with excommunication thus depriving him of a christian burial. He stated to have said; -

"Since no convent could be produced against me, which the God of purity knoweth,
it would have been more just in the monks to receive than reject me". (Mvy, Arch., I, 263)

In his elegy to Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd d. 1170, Cynddelw states he had 'taught splendid poets'. Within his lament to Cadwagan ap Madog he points out that 'our disciples know there teachings'.

Cynddelw Brydd Maw poetical works are contained in the Black Book of Carmarthen, that is dated to c 12th century contains a section of Cynddelw death song, along with his praise to one of Madog ap Maredudd war bands, plus his elegy to Madog. Further work is preserved in the Red Book of Hengest c.1400. Madog ap Maredudd War Band sang by Cynddelw Brydd is reproduced in the article concerning panegyric poetry.

Published Poetry Translations of Cynddelw

Conran, Tony, Welsh Verse, Glammorgan, Saren Books 3rd edition p. 152-155. Has the following: -

Maiden Song for Efa, daughter of Madog ap Maredudd;

Extract For a Girl; Extract Elegy for Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys d. 1160;

Stanzas to the Lord Rhys ap Gruffudd, Prince of Deheubarth.

Clancy, Joseph, Earliest Welsh Medieval Lyrics, Macmillan 1970 p.136- 151. Has the following: -

To a Girl; In Praise of Madawg ap Maredudd - variation of Penegyric of Madog ap Maredudd;

A Love song for Efa, Full translation;

Lament for Madwg ap Maredudd;

The Fall of Powys;

Petition for Reconciliation (addressed to Rhys ap Gruffudd).

Cymraeg

Myvy. Arch Vol 1. 52 poems in Welsh belong to Cynddelw

Neris Ann Jones and Ann Parry Owain has up dated the text of Cynddelw poems in Cyfres Beirdd y Tywysiogion Vol 3 & 4 (1991 & 1995)

Bibliography

Clancy, J., Earliest Welsh Medieval Lyrics, Macmillan 1970

Conran, T., Welsh Verse, Glammorgan, Saren Books 3rd edition

J.Y.W Lloyd of Clochfaen Esq., The History of Powys Madog Vol I, London 1881

Miles, D., The secret of the Bards of the Isle of Britain, Gwasg Dinefwr Press 1992

Williams Ifor, Sir, The Beginnings of Welsh Poetry, Cardiff University Press (Ed.) Rachael Bromwich 1972

Last Updated: August, 2006